In the ever-evolving conversation on our planet's environmental health, one crucial topic takes center stage: the rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and the resulting intensification of the greenhouse effect. But there's hope, and it lies within the intricate balance of nature.
Our Earth boasts a multitude of diverse ecosystems, each playing a critical role in mitigating the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. Oceans, forests, and wetlands are crucial carbon repositories, acting as vital guardians of our environment by absorbing and storing CO2 emissions. This balance is key to the global carbon cycle.
Adding remote sensing satellites to the mix, cutting-edge technology has emerged as indispensable tools in our quest to understand and protect our environment. These space-based marvels have forever changed the game, enabling us to monitor changes in plant cover, health, and distribution across vast geographic areas and extended periods.
In this research paper, we investigated the utilization of satellite imagery to monitor these vital carbon sinks: forests, wetlands, and oceans. We harnessed the power of detailed MODIS NDVI data to uncover the secrets of changing vegetation patterns near BR-163 in Brazil. We observed and measured shifts in vegetation, shedding light on issues like deforestation over 5-year periods.
Download this research paper to get an understanding of how satellite data plays a critical roe in learning how carbon storage works and how ecosystems are changing.