What India would be like if two wheelers didn't exist.
As a developing country, India looks more into curbing air pollution. But, the increased number of two- wheelers are not helping solve this problem.
A world without two wheelers is possible, but not senseless. For some, two- wheelers are mostly recreational, but for others it is either their daily transport or their bread. If two- wheelers did not exist, majority of people in India would have to depend on public transport or their feet. Since cars require more storage space, fuel and money to obtain and maintain, it gets negated as an option for many.
But, looking at the positive side, the levels of air pollution would be way below as to what the readings are right now, especially in India.
Want to know how?
In addition to our population of 135.26, we have problems of poverty, inequality, lack of infrastructure and medical facilities, overpopulation and most of all pollution. What are we doing to control it?
Covid-19 hasshown that the Indian public should focus on fighting for development inmedicines, infrastructure and medical facilities and on how to curb futurelevels of air pollution.What Indianeeds absolute focus on right now is curbing pollution. The first step would beto either control the number of two wheelers on the streets or to invest in apollution free technology for them.Two wheelersare the cause for two- thirds of vehicular pollution in cities.
Why Are Two-Wheelers A Problem?
As a countrywith lower per-capita income and large area, India struggles with publictransport options. Even in cities like Bangalore and Delhi, where publictransport exists, it may be perceived as expensive or unsuitable for people’sschedules.As a result,the first easiest and cheapest alternative to public transport becomestwo-wheelers. These vehicles amount to 82 million all over India and contributeto over 30% of the particulate matter load on the roads. Worst of all, about40% of two wheelers on the roads have a two- stroke engine, which are even morepolluting.
The Two-Wheeler Business
With theunemployment rate at its highest, 2 wheelers businesses are taking a boom.
Companies like Rapido, Uber, OLA have remarkably found the sweet spot between a4 wheeler cab and public transport by providing a bike taxi. People arestarting to choose, bike taxis over public transport or 4-wheeler cabs to reachtheir destination cheaper and faster.Looking atthis opportunity, companies like VOGO and Bounce built an app, where instead ofriding as a passenger, you can ride the 2 wheeler yourself, thus negating theneed for another person, and making it cheap. These apps also provide 2wheelers for rentals for periods ranging from an hour to a few days.Other than ariding service, companies like Zomato and Swiggy, act as delivery partners forrestaurants in order to serve their customers better. They have createdcontracts with thousands of people to deliver food, on the sole condition that theycan legally operate a two-wheeler.Other thanthat rentals, e-commerce platforms like Amazon and Flipkart have to deliverpackages to consumers. They have either started their own delivery services orhave contracts with delivery exclusive companies like Delhivery to ensure fulfillmentof contract between them and the customer. Both of these methods utilize alarge number of two wheelers.
The Number Will Only Increase.
As of now,India has around 200 million two-wheelers, the largest in the world, and thisnumber will increase with every year.
With the help of statistics from the above mentioned companies, we have beenable to say that in a day 125 lakhs two-wheelers are on the road is, only usedfor commercial services.In Delhialone, 55 lakh two wheelers run on the roads as opposing the 27 lakh cars.
WillTwo-Wheeler Electric Vehicles Solve The Problem?
Yes, and that too at a great extent. As technology keepsadvancing the prices will drop to the same as that run on petrol or dieselengines.
In the coming years, the standard engines used right now are bound to becomeobsolete.
Does publictransport help?
Right now in most cities, the bus fares are very cheap. Whencomparing costs, it is clearly evident that taking a bus is the best optionwhen it comes to save money and also the environment.If more people start using public transport, the Governmentwill also start looking into improving these facilities, since their aim isalso to cut down air pollution levels nationally.
What Is The Government Doing To Curb Two-WheelerPollution?
In April2017, India banned the production of BS III certified vehicles in favour of thehigher BS IV emission standards to come into effect. The goal right now is toshift to BS VI standards by the end of 2020, so as to combat climate change.Other than that, there is a clear commitment to move to an electric only futureby 2030.Indiaconsumes 3735000 barrels of oil every day. So, shifting to anelectric future for all vehicles can lead to reduction in huge levels of airpollution both in respects of vehicular emissions and oil production.Other than that manufacturers are now investing more in R&D in orderto make electric vehicles more efficient in terms of durability, strength andengine power keeping in mind to reduce carbon emissions.Reducing the weight of a vehicle by 10 pounds results to a 10-15 poundreduction of carbon dioxide emission per year.
Companies are focusing on making engines that run greater lengths at low levelconsumption, and making light weight bodies.