Air Pollution can Seriously Impact your Health-Here is How

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March 5, 2019
Awareness

Air Pollution can Seriously Impact your Health-Here is How

We talk about air pollution as if it is a single component. But it is not. Each and every component that constitutes air pollution can do a lot of damage to us. Follow this link to know more about the impact of air pollution.

We all keep hearing about airpollution and how that is detrimental to our overall health and wellbeing. Well,it’s true! But sadly the impact ofpollution on our health has always been played down and ignored. But with 7million deaths globally, we have finally started noticing. And guess what? Airpollution does a lot more than just give us a coughing fit, believe me!

So to start with all the impactit has on our health, you need to understand the individual components presentin this “air pollution.”

Ground-Level Ozone

This is formed when volatileorganic components and oxides of nitrogen get in contact with the sun’s UV rays. Vehicular traffic, constructionmaterials,and agricultural equipment arethe major contributors ofground-levelozone. Everyday unknowingly we use a lot of household products that also giveout such volatile compounds that pollute your indoor air as well. Some commonproducts that give out VOCs are aerosol sprays, disinfectants, moth repellants,wood preservatives, and automotive products.

This kind of pollutant can causeall sorts of ailments which can increase with constant exposure. When I say ailments, I mean not only thecommon ones like wheezing , coughing fit, increased fatigue, chest pain, drythroat, headache,and nausea but also alot more concerning ones like emphysema, bronchitis,and asthma. Severe exposure to this can even lead to permanent lungdamage and decreased immunity.

Particulate Matter

Particulate matters are miniscule mixtures ofliquid droplets (mist) and solid particles like soot, dust,and smoke. They are so small that you can fit40-50 such particulate matter on the width of one strand of your hair (which bythe way would be around 100 micrometers wide).

So if we say PM 10 and PM 2.5 weare talking about particles which are less than 10μm and 2.5μm respectively.Butwhat can such small things do to us, right? Well, these are by far the mostharmful pollutants we should be wary of. They are so small that they can easilyenter our system, bypassing all our natural defenses and go deep into our lungsand your bloodstream.

Exposure to PM would lead toirritation in the airways, respiratory distress, asthma and wheezing. It canalso decrease your lung function and lead to irreparable lung disease. PMexposure can also result in chronic bronchitisand irregular heartbeat.Continuous exposure to particulate matter can even lead to damage in thereproductive system or premature deaths among people with pre-existing lung orheart disease.

ToxicGases

Imagine having to live in asmoke-filled room. The mere imagination would make you feel suffocated.However, our world is rapidly becoming just that-a gas chamber. Gases likeSulphur dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, and Lead are increasing rapidly in ouratmosphere and entering our systems on an everyday basis. While carbon monoxidecan reduce the oxygen content in your blood and impact your vital organs,Sulphur dioxide quickly enters your system and lead to coughing, wheezing,asthma, chest tightening, heart failure, eye irritation, nervous system damage,and anxiety issues.

Air pollution is not as simple asit sounds. It can only be managed by constant monitoring and effectiveeradication strategies. Let us start withour family by monitoring the quality of the air they breathe. Let us all vow tomake the world a better place to live in.

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Ambee Acumen